Bergen Railway (Bergensbanen):
railway connecting Oslo and Bergen is the highest mountain route in Europe. It
is also one of the most spectacular routes as it crosses Hardangervidda
mountain plateau. Finse, the highest point of the route, is situated at 1,237
meters above sea level. In 2005 travel expert Gary Warner in an article posted
in an American newspaper Chicago Tribune called the Bergen Railway as one of
the “ten best railways in the world”.
Flåm Railway (Flåmsbanen):
runs between the mountain Myrdal Station of Bergen Railway and the Flåm
station, located on the banks of the Aurlandsfjord. Every year tourists from
all over the world come here to experience the spectacular 20 km long route
which runs along the scenic spots. Passengers can enjoy the rivers cutting deep
gorges, falling down waterfalls cascades, snow-capped mountain peaks and farms
clinging to the steep mountain slopes. Flåm Railway is one of the three coolest
railways in the world with a conventional gauge. About 80 percent of the route
has 0,055% slope which means that train rises 1 meter up in every 18 meters of
Rauma Railway (Raumabanen):
is one of the most picturesque attracting tourists from all over the world. It
begins in Dumbose and ends 114 km to the west in Åndalsnes near Romsdalsfjord.
The railway passes through the famous tourist attractions: Trollstigen (Troll
Path), Trollveggen (Troll Wall), the Romsdalshorn mountain and Rauma river.
Northern Railway (Nordlandsbanen):
Bodø and Trondheim and crosses the Arctic Circle. You can experience a
wonderful journey through northern Norway, where you can enjoy the magnificent
natural scenery and feast your eyes on views of the sea and the mountains.
White night route (from May to the end of September) with midnight sun is
considered as one of the most beautiful in Europe.
Jær Railway (Jærbanen):
between Stavanger and Egersund 10 km long is a part of the Southern Railway.
The route runs along the west coast of Norway and through Stavanger, Sandnes,
Bryne and Egersund cities. Passengers can enjoy the beautiful scenery of fjords
and rocks of South-Western Norway.
Dovre Railway (Dovrebanen):
railway connects Trondheim and Eidsvoll through Dombås city. The railway runs
along the salmon-rich Gaula river, rises along Oppdal ski slopes through
Drivdalen valley. The train runs across Dovrefjell mountain range, where
muskoxen are grazing, and according to a legend, inhabited by trolls, then goes
down into Gudbrandsdalen valley, home of the cultural heritage of Norway, the
home of Peer Gynt and Jotunheimen and Rondane national parks.
About Norwegian Railways:
length of railways in Norway is about 4,087 km with standard gauge. There are a
total of 696 tunnels and around 2760 bridges.
Approximately 30 percent of the railway line is capable for withstanding a
speed of 100 km/h and only 4 percent is suitable for speeds over 160 km/h.
• The first
railway in Norway was Hovedbanen between Oslo and Eidsvoll and opened in 1854.
The main purpose of the railway was to freight lumber from Mjøsa to the
capital, but also passenger traffic was offered.
Kirkenes-Bjørnevatnbanen used to be the northernmost railway in the world, but
was in 2010 beaten by the Obskaya–Bovanenkovo Line in Russia. Still, Narvik is
one of the northernmost towns in the world to have a railway connection.
• There are
also several operational museum railways in Norway, including Krøderbanen,
Setesdalsbanen, Aurskog-Hølandsbanen, Thamshavnbanen, Rjukanbanen,
Valdresbanen, Nesttun-Osbanen and Gamle Vossebanen. The Norwegian Railway
Museum is located in Hamar and includes exhibits of train hardware, related
objects, as well as document and photography archives.