Rwandan in Norway Found Guilty of Complicity in Mass Murder

In December, the Court of Appeal in Norway had ruled Sadi Bugingo (49) is guilty of complicity in the killing of over 2,000 Tutsis during the genocide in Rwanda in 1994.

His sentence has been approved yesterday, reports Aftenposten.

The jury believes that he participated physically as a driver for the killers and by guiding them until the places Tutsis were hiding. He contributed psychologically by strengthening killers’ intent because he was present during all or part of the massacres.

The Rwandan massacre was a mass slaughter of Tutsi and moderate Hutu in Rwanda by members of the Hutu majority. During the approximate 100-day period from April 7, 1994, to mid-July, an estimated 500,000–1,000,000 Rwandans were killed, constituting as much as 20% of the country’s total population and 70% of the Tutsi then living in Rwanda. The mass murder was planned by members of the core political elite known as the akazu, many of whom occupied positions at top levels of the national government. Perpetrators came from the ranks of the Rwandan army, the National Police (gendarmerie), government-backed militias including the Interahamwe and Impuzamugambi, and the Hutu civilian population.

The massacre took place in the context of the Rwandan Civil War, an ongoing conflict beginning in 1990 between the Hutu-led government and the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) militant group, which was largely composed of Tutsi refugees whose families had fled to Uganda following earlier waves of Hutu violence against the Tutsi. 

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