Qaradawi and his team will work to determine the five daily Muslim prayer times, the calculation of which are determined by the position of the sun, in a region where the sun does not rise and set as regularly as it does in other parts of the world. Due to such factors as the rotation of the earth, the revolution of the earth around the sun, the tilt of the earth’s axis, the various latitudes of the earth’s locations and daylight saving time, the “times” (according to the clock) for these prayers change from day to day and depending on the location.
The knowledge of the starting and ending times for prayers is of critical importance to Muslims, who pray five times a day. One of the requirements of offering prayers is the accurate time interval in which they should be offered. Prayer times also concern the religious obligation of fasting, with the times to stop and start eating also determined by the sun. The prayer times include the time to stop eating the pre-dawn meal for fasting and the sunrise, noon (when the passes its zenith), afternoon, sunset — when Muslims break their fast — and evening prayers.