FrP published the first draft of the new party program. Accordingly, they will use money from the Government Pension Fund (Oil Fund) to invest in road and railway building.
The party’s deputy Per Sandberg said they are not at all focused on other parties’ standpoint and they shape their program from the party’s founding principles and ideology.
Next week. Sandberg will send the first draft of the new party program for consultation. The draft shows that the FRP will distinguish between government consumption and government investment.
“Economically profitable” investments in road, railways and other infrastructure are to be lifted out of the state budget and financed by pension funds. There is room to do this in the Norwegian economy, says FRP.
What is Norwegian Pension Fund?
Government Pension Fund was established in 1990 as a fiscal instrument to ensure long-term considerations in the use of petroleum revenues.
NBIM manages the fund on behalf of the Finance Ministry, which stands as the formal owner of the fund on behalf of the Norwegian people. The Ministry determines the fund’s investment strategy on the advice of NBIM and discussions in the Parliament.
The Ministry regularly transfer capital from the government petroleum revenues to the fund. The funds are invested exclusively abroad, to prevent the mainland economy from overheating and to protect it from the effects of fluctuating oil prices. The fund invests in international equities and fixed income instruments. It also has a mandate to invest in real estate. The goal is to have diversified investments that ensure a good spread of risk and highest possible return.
Debate on the Fund
Due to the large size of the fund relative to the low number of people living in Norway (4.9 million people in 2010), the Petroleum Fund has become a hot political issue, dominated by three main issues:
Whether the country should use more of the petroleum revenues for the state budget instead of saving the funds for the future. The main matter of debate is to what degree increased government spending will increase inflation.
Whether the high level of exposure (around 60 per cent in 2008) to the highly volatile, and therefore risky, stock market is financially safe. Others claim that the high differentiation and extreme long term of the investments will dilute the risk and that the state is losing considerable amounts of money due to the low investment percentage in the stock market.
Whether the investment policy of the Petroleum Fund is ethical.